The Points South Point of View – The area referred to as the cultural triangle is situated to the north of Kandy, the countryside is flat, interspersed with mountainous outcrops and lakes. Furthest north is Anuradhapura, this great ruined city was the capital of the island from 3rd century BC to 993 AD. With monasteries, tanks and dagobas, the city remains an important Buddhist centre. Polonnaruwa, the islands second ancient capital is more compact and the ancient monuments better preserved. Also here is Sigiriya, the spectacular rock outcrop, once a remarkable royal capital, the ancient citadel sits on top of the huge rock, rewarding climbers with a spectacular view of the surrounding countryside. Nearby are the cave temples at Dambulla. There is certainly plenty to see in this area of the ancient culture of the island, as a result the cultural triangle on the main tourist trail, however by staying at the smaller properties this can be avoided.